# DIY orbiting camera rig

#### Tony2018

##### New Member
Hello, I'm new here. Happy new year!! I have been reading some threads on the forum and there is alot of good information and advice so I decided to post here for information. I hope this is the right place.

I want to make a diy version of Orcavue's orbiting camera rig. You can see their product here. http://www.orcavue.com/orcavue-xl/#xl
Image below

They no longer sell and only rent it out. I am in Africa and will use it for an extended period, renting is out of the question and beyond my budget.

The arm will rotate around the center platform/stage. The speed at which the arm revolves around the center is approximately 15 rpms.

The cameras to be attached may weigh up to 15 lbs. ( This is an approximation). But it could be as small and light as a smartphone.

What I really want to know is what type of motor might be suitable to rotate the arm which on one side has the camera attached and counterweights on the other.

How would the motor be installed in order to revolve the arm around the center.

Thanks

#### bobgaggle

##### Well-Known Member
I guess the real question is do you actually need that device? Its really easy to build a castered platform with a center pivot and turn the subject while the camera is fixed on a tripod. Do you actually need the camera to move?

#### bobgaggle

##### Well-Known Member
But you got me thinking, so here's my napkin sketch idea: Assuming you get a fixed speed DC motor (cheaper than variable, no controller) and a battery. This won't work with remote power unless you get commutators involved. The cool part here is the drive arm. The arm with the drive wheel is variable length (think 1" tube slid over 3/4" tube with a set screw or something to lock it in place). This lets you adjust the rpm of the system by sliding the arm in and out.

Things I've thought of after I uploaded this photo:

- The center pipe will have to extend beyond the flange bearing (not shown in this sketch) to support your subject's platform. Add structure where necessary
-You'll have to figure out a way to stop the thing once its started, a remote switch would be great (not cheap though) or maybe its never going fast enough that its impossible to reach in there an flip it while its driving....

#### Tony2018

##### New Member
I guess the real question is do you actually need that device? Its really easy to build a castered platform with a center pivot and turn the subject while the camera is fixed on a tripod. Do you actually need the camera to move?

Hi Bobgaggle,

Thanks for your reply. I see what you are saying. The configuration I explained, same as the device in the picture is for the camera moving around the subject rather than the camera being stationary and the subject spinning. It's a totally different look. However there is a way to make one device perform both movement i.e the subject spinning as well as the camera revolve around the subject, either simultaneously or independently ( clockwise or anti clock wise).

#### Tony2018

##### New Member
But you got me thinking, so here's my napkin sketch idea: Assuming you get a fixed speed DC motor (cheaper than variable, no controller) and a battery. This won't work with remote power unless you get commutators involved. The cool part here is the drive arm. The arm with the drive wheel is variable length (think 1" tube slid over 3/4" tube with a set screw or something to lock it in place). This lets you adjust the rpm of the system by sliding the arm in and out.
View attachment 15832

Things I've thought of after I uploaded this photo:

- The center pipe will have to extend beyond the flange bearing (not shown in this sketch) to support your subject's platform. Add structure where necessary
-You'll have to figure out a way to stop the thing once its started, a remote switch would be great (not cheap though) or maybe its never going fast enough that its impossible to reach in there an flip it while its driving....

Wow, thanks alot for the information and the drawing. But I'm not very technical. I still can't quite understand how the motor will make the arm revolve around the center/subject.

Hmmm.... maybe this is beyond my scope. But I understand what you are saying. I will try and translate what you said and Drew into a sketch up model... perhaps it will be easier to for me to visualize if I can see it from different perspectives. I will get back to you after studying it a bit more.

Thanks alot.

#### Tony2018

##### New Member
But you got me thinking, so here's my napkin sketch idea: Assuming you get a fixed speed DC motor (cheaper than variable, no controller) and a battery. This won't work with remote power unless you get commutators involved. The cool part here is the drive arm. The arm with the drive wheel is variable length (think 1" tube slid over 3/4" tube with a set screw or something to lock it in place). This lets you adjust the rpm of the system by sliding the arm in and out.
View attachment 15832

Things I've thought of after I uploaded this photo:

- The center pipe will have to extend beyond the flange bearing (not shown in this sketch) to support your subject's platform. Add structure where necessary
-You'll have to figure out a way to stop the thing once its started, a remote switch would be great (not cheap though) or maybe its never going fast enough that its impossible to reach in there an flip it while its driving....

Will a DC motor be strong enough to make the arm revolve? There will be couterweight on the opposite end of the arm ( camera in onside...counter weight on the other). Any recommendations for DC motor? Can there be a wired controller to start and stop the motor?

It would be great if the RPM was totally contorolled via the motor which would be controlled by a wired remote.

#### bobgaggle

##### Well-Known Member
Motor would power a drive wheel that rolls on the floor (or whatever sub base this machine will sit on). This is just me spitballing an idea that would get you variable speed without having to buy a separate controller for the motor (mechanical solution vs electrical solution). If you want to control everything with the press of a button, you're going to start spending more money.

And without trying to be frustrating for you, the design of the machine will dictate the size motor you need. Center drive revolves like that orcavue need a beefier motor (more torque, more $$) than using a drive wheel.... #### Tony2018 ##### New Member Motor would power a drive wheel that rolls on the floor (or whatever sub base this machine will sit on). This is just me spitballing an idea that would get you variable speed without having to buy a separate controller for the motor (mechanical solution vs electrical solution). If you want to control everything with the press of a button, you're going to start spending more money. And without trying to be frustrating for you, the design of the machine will dictate the size motor you need. Center drive revolves like that orcavue need a beefier motor (more torque, more$$) than using a drive wheel....

Aahhh...I see what you mean with the drive wheel, quiet ingenious. So with that there is no need for counterweights?

But that would induce noise and vibration. I dont mind using a beefier motor. The arm's revolving movement should be buttersmooth. Excess vibration or bumpy movement would be bad for the footage recorded.

With a configuration like orcavue what kind if motor donyou recommend? Any links where I can read more about that type of motor? Orcavue seem to use Ac power input, but that maybe to recharge the battery.

My budget is upto \$3000, it's a little steep...but I think if I can nail the design, configuration, I can eventually find ways to reduce the cost with alternative parts.

#### kicknargel

##### Well-Known Member
Here's cool super-duper homemade rig. Intended for time-lapse, may not be steady enough for live video.

#### Tony2018

##### New Member
Here's cool super-duper homemade rig. Intended for time-lapse, may not be steady enough for live video.

Hi Kickargel,

That is awesome. Nice work with the gears. The motor is so small but does the job. Thanks for the share.

#### JonCarter

##### Well-Known Member
Hi Bobgaggle,

Thanks for your reply. I see what you are saying. The configuration I explained, same as the device in the picture is for the camera moving around the subject rather than the camera being stationary and the subject spinning. It's a totally different look. However there is a way to make one device perform both movement i.e the subject spinning as well as the camera revolve around the subject, either simultaneously or independently ( clockwise or anti clock wise).

Tony1218, I have done many product shots involving rotating products, and I can confirm that, assuming that your shot contains NOTHING except the product and the "disc" it is set on, there will be no difference to the viewer of the footage whether the camera is revolving CCW around the product or the product is rotating CW in front of the camera. If the "product disc" rotates CCW and the camera revolves CW, it will look exactly the same to the viewer of the footage as a static camera and a faster disc/product rotational speed. What is the duration of the shot that you need? It's easy to make a turntable and rotate it by hand, using a static camera, if your shot isn't over a minute or so.

If, on the other hand, you must shoot a static product and product background (e.g., a person in a room where the surrounding room is in the shot) then yes, you do need a camera device which will revolve around the product. (And there will also be some lighting issues!)

#### unnamendm

##### New Member
I was talking about doing something like this

So other ways to build and control probablky with arduino to start rotating

#### Jay Ashworth

##### Well-Known Member
Well, depending on the other constraints you have to live up to, consider the idea of *flying* the camera spinner from the top; that relieves you of lots of necessary ruggedness at the bottom -- you can just put them on the floor, or a fixed pedestal.

Having to have a counterweighted arm at the top may restrict your available field of view some, but...

#### kicknargel

##### Well-Known Member
there will be no difference to the viewer of the footage whether the camera is revolving CCW around the product or the product is rotating CW in front of the camera

Well. . . the lighting would be different. Either it would stay the same relative to the object and change relative to the camera, or vice-versa. Granted, if using very flat soft-box lighting, this may not be noticeable.

#### bobgaggle

##### Well-Known Member
I wonder what the response to this question would be on a cinematography/camera op type forum

Dance dolly.

#### Knoptop

##### New Member
I randomly found this feed and wanted to share my Orbiting:

#### kyle williams

##### Member
howdy! im new to the forum, but im very interested in the topic. id lover to collaborate on a design