# Source four pars, NSI 4600+, HEADACHE!!!

#### tenor_singer

##### Active Member
I just closed Oklahoma tonight and something weird was happening during the show that gave me fits.

I rented some source four par lights with 575 W bulbs (at least that is what the company claimed that they had in them... I'm still convinced that they had 750 W bulbs... anyhow... during the first scene the two pars that were plugged into channel one of my board kept raising and dimming, raising and dimming, raising and dimming......

This kept up until I had the light person hold the bump button until I could figure out what was going wrong. At the next blackout I quickly reprogramed our board's "full lights" memory to get rid of that channel so we could ease up on the bump button.

My question...

What causes that? I just had the NSI 4600+ dimmer pack fixed the week before (the fuse holder cracked and we replaced it with a new one.

#### ship

##### Senior Team Emeritus
My guess:

loose connector or lamp contact, bad dimmer channels or their own contact points?

Some form of high resistance problem I would think.

Not saying that I'm very much useful in troubleshooting systems any longer beyond the fixture.

If it's a "last takes prescidence" type of problem with the control signal, perhaps it's a problem in the line communicating with the dimmers otherwise.

So many things to problem solve on the why part, it's much a question of where to start. Hopefully the start in checking what's easy first in a process of elimination from light board to lamp will be useful.

#### Mayhem

##### Senior Team Emeritus
Start by swapping the S4's with other fixtures that are running correctly and see if the problem continues either with Ch 1 on your dimmer or the two S4's

If the S4's continue to exhibit the fault that you describe, report it to the hire company and tell them that you would like a credit for future hires, as you were unable to use their equipment due to a fault (make sure you are 100% sure that it is the S4's)

If the problem occurs with another fixture on Ch 1 then you know that the fault is somewhere within your equipment.

If you are able to, plug the fixtures directly into the dimmer, as this will tell you if the problem is present at the output of the dimmer, or in the cable between the dimmer and the socket into which you plugged the fixtures.

I am not familiar with the dimmer that you have but I wonder if it has a self-test option that allows you to bring up single channels, thus bypassing the control board. This will therefore isolate the dimmer. If the problem still exists, then it is somewhere between the dimmer and the board. Try swapping DMX leads and if that doesn’t isolate your problem, you will need to look at the board.

Also remember to look for physical signs of failure, such as discoloured or melted plugs/sockets, damaged cable, tarnished pins/sockets and any other signs of wear and tare. The fact that you mentioned having to replace a fuse holder makes me suspicious that there is something within your current set up that requires some attention. Although, fuse holders themselves can simply become tarnished and fail. Especially if the wrong fuses are used! Was the failed fuse holder on Ch 1?

Although I doubt that this is the cause of the fault, I am wondering if your DMX run is terminated?

#### tenor_singer

##### Active Member
The NSI 4600+ is a satellite dimmer pack rated for 1.2kW per channel. It has optional DMX or "something beginning with 'M and ending in - plex. I have the second as DMX was an option and more expensive (and we didn't have the funds yet).

Both responses have backed what I was thinking because when I plugged each fixture into a line that I wired a 15-Amp rheostat plug into as a "special dimmer" when I don't have the board space (only 16 channels) they didn't flicker.

I DID have the dimmer pack recently serviced and I am really not sure if it is the problem. The 3rd and 4th channel failed the night before. The fuses blew (which is why I am wondering if the company was wrong about the 575W bulbs even though the metal finned base had 750 stamped on it... they swore that even though it said 750, they put 575W bulbs in them as requested). Actually the fuses not only blew, but they were melted into the new fuse holders (the NSI series uses a 20-Amp ceremic fuse for safety) and I couldn't back them out. Maybe I am wrong, but a 20-A fuse and its housing shouldn't MELT because you are pulling 1140-W at 125V through it. I even checked to be sure that the pack was in a place where air could circulate through the heat sinks.

I'm sending the pack in for servicing, just to be on the safe side. I would never forgive myself if one of my kids got hurt because I didn't error on the side of caution.

Thanks for the input...

Tenor.

#### cutlunch

##### Active Member
A quick look at the manual for these packs mentioned possible causes for these faults. As has been suggested they suggest checking the pre-heat setting. They also mention the length of control cable and suggest taking the console closer to the packs, using a shorter cable, to see if this is the problem. They also suggest if you are powering the console from the pack then you get a separate power supply for the console instead.

Some ideas from me is:
Do you you always use the same control cable or is the nearest one at hand at the time used. I would check the quality of the cable and joints.

Also is your control cable fixed in place or just a free run? Has it been layed near or across power cables.

When they changed the fuse holder they should have given the pack a thorough check maybe they didn't. Have you tried swapping the addresses on the packs to see if it is a control problem. If another pack has the same problem on that channel then it's a control problem.

#### Mayhem

##### Senior Team Emeritus
Based on what you have said (sorry but I have not had a chance (nor the time) to check out the manual for these) each channel should only have a 10A fuse in them if they are 1.2K (1200W = 120V*10A)

20A would be the combined rating for the overall pack.

If the individual channel fuses have been fitted with 20A fuses then I think that would be the reason for the fuse not blowing and allowing the fuse holder and wire to melt.

Obviously, I am not familiar with this dimmer, so I would not take my word as being gospel. However, I would strongly recommend looking into this.

Especially as you suspect that the S4's were fitted with 750W lamps, which would give you 1500W, which would be more that the channel is rated for.

Sorry that I couldn't be more helpful but I am just a little pressed for time at the moment. Although, I hope that this at least provides some assistance.

#### tenor_singer

##### Active Member
Mayhem said:
Based on what you have said (sorry but I have not had a chance (nor the time) to check out the manual for these) each channel should only have a 10A fuse in them if they are 1.2K (1200W = 120V*10A)

20A would be the combined rating for the overall pack.

If the individual channel fuses have been fitted with 20A fuses then I think that would be the reason for the fuse not blowing and allowing the fuse holder and wire to melt.

Obviously, I am not familiar with this dimmer, so I would not take my word as being gospel. However, I would strongly recommend looking into this.

Especially as you suspect that the S4's were fitted with 750W lamps, which would give you 1500W, which would be more that the channel is rated for.

Sorry that I couldn't be more helpful but I am just a little pressed for time at the moment. Although, I hope that this at least provides some assistance.

I misspoke... they are 10-A fuses. I had 20-A fuses on my mind when I typed the last entry because I was thinking about the breaker pannel that each lead is plugged into. I've been busy trying to convert everything from what the previous director used ( over the counter 14-gauge, 15-A end extension cords) to a more safe 12- gauge SO with 20-A ends.

Tenor.

#### Mayhem

##### Senior Team Emeritus

Just out of curiosity, are the 12AWG SO extension leads store bought, or made in house? My only other though links back to my original post about the leads between the fixtures and the dimmer and between the dimmer and the board.

Other than that, I don't think that I have much more to offer than what has already been said.

Please let us know when you find the fault as it would be interesting to hear what it was.

#### tenor_singer

##### Active Member
Mayhem said:

Just out of curiosity, are the 12AWG SO extension leads store bought, or made in house? My only other though links back to my original post about the leads between the fixtures and the dimmer and between the dimmer and the board.

Other than that, I don't think that I have much more to offer than what has already been said.

Please let us know when you find the fault as it would be interesting to hear what it was.

I think I may have paid quite a bit for the ends. I got a pair (male and female) for $13.00. I decided upon 20-Amp "T" edisons because the previous director was plugging 20 Amp loads into 15-Amp rated house plugs. I guess I did it in an effort to keep my kids safe. OUr high school is 95 years old and many circuits are 30-Amp screw-in fuses leading to 15-Amp plugs. When they were plugging in the leads they were drawing 20-Amps of current through a 15-Amp rated outlet that was attached to a 30-Amp breaker. I thought this added up to a potential fire. I put 20-Amp "T's" on the leads so that they wouldn't do this. What was truly crazy is that there were 6 20-Amp outlets with their own breaker box stage right. They just didn't have the leads to run to them. We now have 8 20-Amp plugs SR that I call the "tree" because they are lined up looking like a christmas tree. What is truly spooky about that is that three years ago I noticed that the conduit leading to the circut box powering the tree was hot enough to burn you if you touched it. I asked a kids dad who is a certified electrician to take a look at it. The tree was being powered by 14-gage wire that was bolted to the studs of our main breaker box in our electric room. Thank God nobody was killed. I am shocked that the conduit itself wasn't energized. The panel that had the wire screwed into its studs is itself run off of a HUGE (the switch itself is 1' long) breaker in our basement electric room. OUr one custodian told me that the the box was probably in excess of 200-Amps itself. Bell rang... more to come. #### ship ##### Senior Team Emeritus Premium Member Both cable and plugs are decent prices - more like$0.49/ft, and say $4.50 and$8.50 per plug/connector given commercial grade especially for the 5-20 plugs (straight blade 125v plugs with U-Ground.) Sounds much better in pricing, not bad.

Sounds interesting, much less that you also have much fun TBA in learning both about the building and how to do it correctly. Than in making it so. Loved that theater that was mine years ago, learned a lot from it and what than became necessary to learn than on my own or in asking took on a more important role than learning without application. Such training still serves me well. Good that you have those around that can help and provide a second set of eyes.

Still no matter how scary, and hard to enforce safe policy, it's yours and I'm sure a ton of fun both in fighting the stupid and in creating the good. The rest it would seem is coming with time.

Just saw a brand new book in my PLSN newsletter. "Electrical Safety for Live Events", by Marco van Beek. Though I have not read it yet, it seems like the perfect book on both gig wiring / show wiring and in general understanding electrics and code as it applies to us. This book by what it would seem to be about than would be highly recommended in being about wiring and electrics itself and not having to waste time with high tech fixtures and control. Sort of getting back to the roots in lighting where it was still for more than just a chapter in a modern book. Wiring and understanding of it preseented sufficiently enough at all in modern books, than we move onto the more sexy moving lights.

"Electrical Safety for Live Events is aimed at all who have to deal with electricity in their day-to-day professional lives. Sections include: Basic Electrical Concepts, Basic Electrical Safety Rules, Fault Conditions, Protection Concepts, Protective Devices. Cables and Connectors, Three-Phase, Test Equipment, Loads, Power Sources, Advanced Issues and Case Studies, plus listings of Current Legislation, Current Guidelines and Further Reading"

#### Les

##### Well-Known Member
yeah ive had similar problems with lower-end dimmers

#### Mayhem

##### Senior Team Emeritus
Is it something that you have since rectified or are you still having problems. Or is this a reflection on a long past issue?

#### ship

##### Senior Team Emeritus
Just finished reading the above "Electrical Safety for Live Events" book Skip it if other than in the UK. Ok book, in corvering topics of interest and to look for but does not go into much detail other than a general review. It's also 99% UK based in having very much different equipment under consideration. Such info while it can be similar often also don't make the translation to what's used here. Very good information, but there are other books out there that will cover it in a 120v system better.

Supplemental info only and for the most part useful if you go on a world tour or live in the UK.

#### tenor_singer

##### Active Member
Mayhem said:
Is it something that you have since rectified or are you still having problems. Or is this a reflection on a long past issue?

No, I haven't really rectified the issue. I did find out some other things and will list them:

1. The NSI 4600+ has very specific mounting instructions (they have to be mounted vertically). They are engineered to bleed off (for lack of better term... and believe me... I sat here thinking about a better phrase for a bit) the heat best that way. Mine was hanging from a light baton using two chains. A good analogy would be to picture a back pack. Throughout the production it slowly rotated to about 30 degrees from vertical, so it probably was heating up.

2. About halfway through the first act the previous night the channels for that pack started mysteriously failing. The fuses (which I checked... a hard thing to do without a multimeter, so I used two alligator clips, a LED, and a 9-volt battery... standard physics lab fare... and just made a circuit with the fuse in it) were good. My only guess as to what happened there is that I just got the pack back from a friend who soldered new fuse holders to the circuit board (the originals were melted... more of that "hanging the pack incorrectly" thing). I think there was more damage than simply removing the old fuse holders and replacing them. The only reason why I am not buying this 100% is that the pack worked all of tech week without any issues.

I haven't really taken anything down from our stage since our musical (my GOD! I can't believe how lazy I have been). I'll be honest... this year's season had me working several 70+ hour weeks in a row on top of my normal 40 hour teaching week. I'm not the young buck that I was back in my college days years ago. It's been a month, and I am still pooped :? . When I get that pack down, I will take its cover off and look for signs of heat damage.

Failing to find that, I will be sending that pack back to Leviton to have their technicians look it over. It really isn't an issue right now because we're moving into a new school with a cafetorium stocked with a new dimming system. I am fixing the old packs up as back up (and as possible equipment for the new school's elementary stage which will have zero dimming ability and will have 9 - 10 spotlights shining down either on or off. We'll see.

Thanks!

Tenor

#### Mayhem

##### Senior Team Emeritus
Given what you have said, I would check the solder joints on the new fuse holders for dry joints. Such things can cause intermittent faults. Especially if the bord happens to flex whilst suspended.

Multimeter or LED/9V/leads will both do the same job in checking continuity. It is not uncommon to see a home made tester here that has 2 banana sockets spaced just right that you can touch both 3AG and M205 fuses to the metal parts as well as plug in test leads.

#### Pat Engels

##### Member
Hi There,
I,m Not sure what kind of board you are using, but most small boards haf a chase function built in to them triggered by a button. If you have not set that up freaquently the default is that it will only include channel 1 causing it to go up and down. to disable it most of the times you just hit the chase button again. hope this is helpful.