Got late in me typing up all of this appendix. Later I will post the last couple of pages of book links and interesting info. On my rating list, Fuchs "Stage Lighting" as a book is a "book of the gods." Well worth what The Magic of Light, by Jean Rosenthal sells for these days - and well worth both in price. Still, below is the appendix which is really intersting I hope to all in read thru. () sections are mine. "" sections are from Fuchs. A few months ago I asked questions about some antiquated brands of lighting fixtures, Major who later made reflectors for companies like Century - but could they have bought out Curtis Lighting at some point so as to enable this? How is it that in 1929 Major was not persay known to produce reflectors as evdinced in say a pre-Century/Strand fixture a Century fixture that has a Major brand reflector in it? Noting also that Century also doesn't exist yet in this list, yet they in their time became important enough for Strand to buy them out and gain the "Leko" title to subsiquent to this. Important time in fixture history I would think and one that as far as I can tell is unknown. Chicago Stage Lighting etc. their demise and any potential affiliation with Hub or Major before this and how and why did Major go down the hole? (Now Altman ownes Hub in a half sort of indipendant way as far as I know) and or Chicago Spotlight as a name similar but seemingly no affiliation to Chicago Stage Lighting more than F&H in a bygone era had to any of them. Lots of suppliers out there both known today and many more that simply went away in the industry. Back in the 1990's I have note of some Display Stage Lighting Company pinspot fixtures, much less remember Universal, National Theatre Supply, Capitol, Columbia, Electrical Products, etc. as companies active or at least remembered in the 1990's. This much less were I to go back to the past, this or the “Golden Age” of theater is where I might most find a home. But should that be possible, much less in understanding why the didn’t just do X - which seems so simple today, you gotta understand the times, technology and theory about those days and how such was building blocks for today. Still reading my 1929 version of Theodore Fuchs, “Stage Lighting.” One night after reading a interesting but more extensive section than of current interest part of the control/dimmer chapter I thumbed thru the book and came to an appendix. This answered some questions about who begot whom to some extent at least in 1929 and adds to the curiosity of all Chicago lighting companies and even expanded that list of Chicago firms in who begot whome. Who for instance knew that Rosco dates back to this date - it did? No mention of Strand back than, didn’t reach their arms to this country yet or possibly exist yet, though there is other familiar companies even if not Altman. that have receded into the shadows yet were important back than. Below I’ll reprint the appendix as it’s a useful history/research thing. Would still love to know more about such lighting companies in history. Perhaps some enterprising college student could do some real history on the subject for a term paper on such stuff. First stop for me would be a stop to HUB which still exists, and though tempted much I have never had a chance to contact them. Certainly someone there knows the complete history about Chicago lighting industry I wonder about. At some point I hope to do a road trip to visit these sites - sometimes if the original building the name plate above the door remains. If that’s the case I’ll take photos. But end of the trip no doubt would get me to the Hub of stage lighting that is ancient as they would certainly know all. Beyond this type stuff, what’s discussed in the index should be lots of help to any research into anything from gel to lamps in what to look for. (Sections in prentices are Fuchs own descriptions of what is described below in that section.) Appendix C - Bibliography Appendix D - List of Manufacturers and Dealers of Stage Lighting and Control Equipment APPENDIX C: (This is the books Fuchs cites in useful to his writing of this masterwork book. Also what books preceded which and what to keep a look out for in shopping. I have a few of them and ... yep they are masterworks to collect. - B.Ship.) Selected Bibliography Bühnenbeleuchtung, by Alfred von Engle. Leipzig: Hachmeiser und Thal. This german work is highly technical in its treatment of the subject and, as is to be expected, its theatre nomenclature differes widely from that current in America. It is of interest principally to highly trained technical trained workers in the theater. Stage Lighting for ‘Little’ Theaters, by C.Harold Ridge. Cambridge, England: W.Heffer and Sons, Ltd. This work touches rather briefly, also with its own distinctive terminology, upon a few of the lighting problems likely to be encountered by amateur producing groups in England. Glossary of Stage Lighting, by Stanley R. McCandless. New York: Theatere Arts, Inc. Brief descriptions and definitions of apparatus and terms. Stage Lighting, Bulletion LD146A, by A.L. Powell and Theodore Fuchs. Harrison, N.J.: Edison Lamp Works of General Electric Company. A comparatively short though comprehensive non-technical discussion, with interesting illustrations. “Many works dealing with various general phases of theatere activity contain material on stage lighting. Some of these are:” Modern Theateres, by Irving Pichel. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. The best practical treatise on the elements of modern theatere design, with two excellent chapters on lighting. The theatre of To-day, by Hiram Kelly Moderwell. New York: Henry Holt and Company. A general survey of the new factors and tendencies in the theatre - the “best seller” in its field. Play Production in America, by Arthur Edwin Krows. New York: Henry Holt and Company. A comprehensive, non-technical picture of the many phases of “commercial theatre” activity. The Art of Theatre, by Sheldon Cheney. New York: Alfred Knopf. The recent “art theatre movement” in Europe and America discussed by one of America’s foremost art critics. Stage Decoration, by Sheldon Cheney, New York: John Day and Company. A concise review of the development o stage decoration and stage forms. Many excellent pictures of stage settings. The Theatre of Tomorrow, by Kenneth Macgowan. New York: Boni and Liverright. A thoughtful and suggestive discussion of the more advanced of the contemporary work in theatre. Continental Stagecraft, by Kenneth Macgowan and Robert Edmond Jones. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. A valuable record of the best Continental work, by one of the most distinguished American critics and producers in collaboration with one of the most distinguished American stage designers. Towards a New Theatre, by Edward Gordon Craig. New York: E.P. Dutton and Company. Forty designs for stage scenes, which well illustrate the active and important role played by light as an integral constituent of the stage setting. Die Musik und die Inscenierung, by Adolph Appia. Munich: Bruckmann. An exposition of a new theory of play production; including one of hte earliest discussions of the newer users of light in the theatere. “Interesting historical references may be found in the following works:” History of Theatrical Art in Ancient and Modern Times, by Karl Mantzius. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company. An authoritative treatise in six volumes; considered the standard work in its field. The Development of the Theatre, by Allardyce Nicoll. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. The scholarly review of the stage up to present period of its development. Theatre Lighting - Past and Present, Mount Vernon, N.Y.: Ward Lenard Electric Company. An interesting summary of stage-lighting history, well illustrated. History of Electric Light, Publication 2717, by Henry Schroeder. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. A detailed discussion covering the development of electric-lighting equipment and practice. “Comprehensive discussions of light and color are contained in the following volumes, each of which has a separate chapter devoted to stage lighting:” Light and Shade and Their Applications, by M. Luckiesh. New York: D. Van Nostrand and Company. Color and Its Applications, by M. Luckiesh. New York: D. Van Nostrand and Company. “Because of the almost infinite number of articles on stage lighting that have been published from time to time in various periodicals, no attempt has been made to list them here. However, an excellent index of stage-lighting articles published prior to 1927 is contained in:” The Development of scenic Art and Stage Machinery: a list of references, by William Burt Gamble. New York: Yew York Public Library. Particularly rich in references to material of historical value. “;References to published articles on stage lighting can be found in the monthly issues of:” Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society. New York: Illuminating Engineering Society. Each issue contains and Illumination Index which includes many references to current articles on stage lighting. In addition, the Society publishes yearly a classified reference index. The transactions also include occasional papers on stage lighting, two of which have been reprinted in the present volume. “Articles on stage lighting seem to be restricted to no particular class of periodicals, though of course they are most likely to be found in the following:” Theatre Arts Monthly. New York: Theatre Arts, Inc. Drama and Little Theatre Monthly. Chicago: Drama League of America. Light. Cleveland: National Lamp Works of General Electric Company. “And, Incidentally, the central clearing house and most convenient source of supply for domestic and foreign literature on stage lighting and on other phases of theatre activity is the Drama Book Shop, 29 West 47th Street, New York. APPENDIX D: List of Manufacturers and Dealers of Stage Lighting and Control Equipment “This list is presented for the convenience of those readers who wish to obtain definite information as to the specifications and costs of the various makers of equipment that are commercially available. As noted in the list, many of the firms issue descriptive catalogues of their products. These are available on request to the respective firms. A reference file of catalogues, when used with discretion and discernment, provides a liberal education in practical considerations and often proves a most valuable asset to the stage lighting worker.” 1. General “Under this heading are listed the firms that handle the usual complete line of stage-lighting and control equipment: such as foot-lights, spotlights, floodlights, striplights, dimmers, switchboards, wiring supplies, “effects”, various accessories for lighting and control equipment, outdoor lighting units, lamps, cable, and color media, including lamp dips and gelatin sheets.” Universal Electric Stage Lighting Company, 321 West 50th Street, New York. Familiarly known as “Kliegl Brothers”, this firm is one of the oldest and best known and is one of the most reliable in its field. It was founded by John Kliegl and the late Anton Kliegl, and is still conducted by the former. It handles a wire variety of equipment and issues an excellent catalogue. Display Stage Lighting Company, 410 West 53rd Street, New York, Perhaps the oldest existing firm - pioneers, though “progressive pioneers” - in the field, dating back to the days of gas lighting and the limelight. It is still in charge of the two “gas boys” - as stage lighting operators were termed in the early days - William Murray and Fred S. Murray. Duwico, 313 West 47th Street New York. A comparatively new though enterprising firm, under the direction of ‘Gus’ Durkin and Harold Williams, two well known figures in metropolitan stage lighting activity. Brenkert Light Projection Company, 7348 St. Aubin Avenue, Detroit. Although formerly specilizing in high-powered projection equipment, this firm now includes among its products a complete line of newly-designed backstage apparatus. It issues a very good catalogue. National Theatre Supply Company, 624 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago. This organization represents a recent amalogmation of numerous smaller firms, and has branches in many cities throughout the country. Major Equipment Company, 4603 Fullerton Avenue, Chicago, Catalogue. Hub Electric Company, 2219 West Grand Avenue, Chicago. Catalogue (Currently Vara-Light/Dimatronics/Hub Electric at 6207 Commercial Rd. Crystal Lake, Il.) Chicago Stage Lighting Company, 55 West Wacker Drive, Chicago. Catalogue. C.J. Holzmueller, 1108 Howard Street, San Francisco. Catalogue. Capitol Stage Lighting Company, 626 Tenth Avenue, New York. Catalogue. Charles I. Newton, 2444 West 14th Street, New York. Frederick A. Bohling, 503 West 43rd Street New York. Columbia Stage Lighting Company, 349 West 47th Street, New York. Electrical Products Corporation, 1134 Wenice Boulevard, Los Angeles. Kansas City Scenic Company, 1000 East 24th Street Kansas City. A.E. Jackson, 54 Alberta Street, Toronto. Cincinnati Stage Lighting Company, Cincinnati. Pevear Color Specialty Company, 71 Brimmer Street, Bostgon. Under the direction of Munroe Pevear, this firm has developed a line of stage lighting equipment that, in view of the scientific optical principles emeodied in its design and the uniformly high standard of construction, may truly be said to be unique. This firm issues no catalogue and, as its equipment is not of the conventional type, prefers to make recommendations for its use only after a thorough, detailed study of the conditions and requirements of each individual case. Some of their achievements are “soft-edge” spotlights, tormentor and teaser lens units, cyclorama color mixing units, rotating boarderlights, Wellesley and Pilgrim projector units, as well as combination direct and indirect footlight units. II Reflectors “Under this heading are listed firms that manufacture reflectors and reflector equipment that find use in the service of stage lighting.” Curtis Lighting, 1119 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago. “X-Ray” mirrored-glass reflectors, and footlights and borderlights containing them; and outdoor floodlighting projectors. Catalogue. Frink Corporation, 369 Lexington Avenue, New York. “Silverlite” Silvered-metal reflectors. Catalogue. Ivanhoe Division of the Miller Company, Cleveland. Spun aluminum reflectors especially for stage-lighting equipment, and footlights and borderlights containing them; and porcelain-enameled steel reflectors. Catalogue. Reflector and Illuminating Company, 1407 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago. “Sterling” mirrored-glass reflectors. Catalogue. (Anyone ever heard this term before???) Pittsburgh Reflector Company, Third Street and Ross Street, Pittsburgh. “Permaflector” Mirrored-glass reflectors. Catalogue. Benjamin Electric Manufacturing Company, 120 South Sangamon Street, Chicago. Porcelain-enameled steel reflectors. Catalogue. General Electric Company, Schenectady, N.Y. Outdoor floodlighting projectors. Catalogue. Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, East Pittsburgh, PA. Outdoor floodlighting projectors. Catalogue. Crouse-Hinds Company, Syracues, N.Y. Outdoor floodlighting projectors. Catalogue. Cahill Brothers, 517 West 45th Street, New York. Outdoor Floodlights. Descriptive leaflet. III Lamps “Under this heading are listed the principal manufacturers of incandescent lamps for general and stage-lighting use. The products of the companies listed are uniform in all respects. Those three organizations have excellent facilities, as noted, that are gratuitously available to all persons who are interested in stage lighting and in all other phases of lighting work. Each firm issues a uniform “Manufacturer’s Schedules” - the equivalent of a catalogue - which gives detailed information concerrning the various standard lamps available.” Edison Lamp Works of General Electric Company, Harrison, N.J. This organization is a direct outgrowth of Thomas A. Edison’s original incandescent lamp factory. It maintains an engineering department that is available for advisory service in connection with matters relating to lighting problems. It maintains an extensive exhibit of lighting equipment of all types, including a special section devoted to stage lighting, at the Edison Lighting Institute, where interesting demonstrations of all phases of lighting practice are conducted for visitors. The Edison Lighting Institute is at Harrison, N.J, a few minutes distant from downtown New York. A visit to it is recommended to all persons interested in lighting matters. A series of more than fifty Lighting Data Bulletins is published by this organization. Of this series, the following will perhaps prove of greatest interest to readers of this volume: LD114-C Theory and Characteristics of Mazda Lamps LD123-B Reflectors for Incandescent Lamps LD145-A The Lighting of Theatres and Auditoriums LD 146-A Stage Lighting LD155 Illumination Terms These bulletins are available upon request to the Engineering Department. National Lamp Works of General Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio. This organization is an outgrowth of an association of Edison’s original competitors. It maintains an engineering department for advisor service on lighting matters, and at Nela Park, its very attractive headquarters in the suburbs of Cleveland, it also maintains, in conjunction with its Lighting Research Laborator, a comprehensive demonstrational lighting exhibit that is well worth the visit. Of the series of bulletins issued by this organization, 7-D Fundamentals of Illumination, available on request, will provide of interest to readers of this volume. This organization also publishes the monthly magazine Light. IV. Color Media “Under this heading are listed firms that specialize in color media for use with stage-lighting equipment. As noted, some issue sample books of color media, which may be obtained upon request.” Charles Townsend, 276 Pearl Street, New York. This firm is perhaps the oldest in its field. Its assortment of colored gelatin sheets is a very extensive one. Approximate qualitative color-analyses of these appear on page 411. The sheets measure 19"x21". Sample book. Laco-Philips Company, 131 Hudson Street, New York. “Laco” glass color caps and colored glass sheets. Catalogue. Corning Glass Works, Corning N.Y. Colored glass sheets in a wide range of colors. Descriptive booklet giving spectral analyses. Transolene Company, 410 Sullivan Street, Chicago. Colored transolene sheets, especially resistant to fading, climatic conditions, and rough usage. The sheets measure 19"x22". Sample bok. Gelatine Products Company, 27 Sixth Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. Colored gelatin sheets. Sample book. Egyptian Lacquer Company, 90 West Street, New York. Colored lamp dips. Crown Color and Chemical Company, 33 West 17th Street New York. Colored Lamp dips. McGill Manufacturing Company, Valparaiso, Ind. Colored lamp dips. Zeller Lacquer Manufacturing Company, 20 East 49th Street, New York. Colored lamp dips. Roscoe Laboratories, 131 Third Place, Brooklyn, N.Y. Colored lamp dips and colored gelatin sheets. Alenander Strobl, 101 West 41st Street, New York. Phosphorescent and fluorescent materials in various forms and colors; ultra-violet filters. Sample card. Chameleon Company, 136 Liberty Street, New York. This firm designs colored lighting effects for stage use, and supplies the necessary special color media, dyes, and pigments. Pevear Color Specialty Company, 71 Brimmer Street Boston. This firm handles and makes colored gelatin sheets of special color purity. Their sets of light primary colors are especiallly adapted to use with the graded-mixture method of color control. Gelatin sheets of the light primary colors are available in two sets: one sent for use with lamps up to 200 watts in siz, bearing the numbers, red - D-5; green - D-15; and blue D-24; and the other set for use with lamps up to 1000 watts in size bearing numbers, red - D4; green - D-17; and blue - D-26. The sheets measure 20"x25". Sample book. They also make lamp dip and special dyed gelatin light-filters, which are mounted on glass. The “amber A” lamp dip, for type C lamps, is of their manufacture. V. Cable and Wire “Under this heading are listed manufacturers of stage cable, borderlight cable, and various types of wire for switchboard and wiring circuits.” Simplex Wire and Cable Company, 63 Sidney Street, Boston Rome Wire Company, Rome, N.Y. General Electric Company, Bridgeport, Conn. Crescent Insulated Wire and Cable Company, Trenton, N.J. John A. Roebling’s Sons Company, Trenton, N.J. United States Rubber Company, 1790 Broadway, New York. VI. Dimmers “Under this heading are listed the manufacturers of stage dimmers.” Ward Lenard Electric Company, 38 South Street, Mt. Vernon, N.Y. “Vitrohm” dimmers of all types; and “Controlite” dimmers which automatic disconnect flipper switches. Catalogues. Cutler-Hammer Manufacturing Company, 1209 St. Paul Avenue, Milwaukee, Wis. “Simplicity” dimmers of all types, including the double-faced type. Catalogue. National Electric Controller Company, 5315 Ravenswood Avenue, Chicago. Catalogue. VII. Switchboards “Under this heading are listed manufacturers of stage switchboards, of the various types noted.” Trumbull Electric Manufacturing Company, Plainville, Conn. Direct-control “Controlite” switchboards; remote-control switchboards; “Circle-T” Switches; and rotor-movement “R.M.” switches. Catalogue. Bull-Dog Elecric Products Comapny, 6710 Jos. Campau Avenue, Detroit. Direct-control “Bull Dog switchboards; “Bull Dog” interlocking reverse-bar-connected switches. Catalogue. Hub Electric Company, 2219 West Grand Avenue, Chicago. Double control-circuit remote-control switchboards. Catalogue. Frank Adam Electric Company, 3650 Windsor Place, St. Louis. Remote control “Major System” switchboards. Catalogue. Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, East Pittsburgh, Pa. Direct-control and remote-control switchboards. Catalogue. Electrical Products Corporation, 1134 Venice Boulevard, Los Angeles. Cleveland Switchboard Comapny, 2925 East 79th Street, Cleveland. Powerlite Switchboard Comapny, 4149 East 79th Street, Cleveland. Superior Switchboard and Devices Company, 4149 East 79th Street, Cleveland. Metropolitan Electric Manufacturing Company, Long Island City, N.Y. Catalogue. Empire Switchboard Company, 801 Fourth Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. Penn Electrical and Manufacturing Company, 35 Water Street, Irwin, PA. Pevear Color Specialty Company, 71 Brimmer Street, Boston. Interlocking wall-type and portable switchboards embodying the multiple dimmer unit. VIII European Companies “Under this heading are included a few of the outstanding manufacturers of stage lighting and control equipment in Europe. A study of their descriptive literature is sure to prove of more than passing interest to the reader. Even though foreign equipment is not available in this country, stage-lighting workers here should be reasonably familiar with its characteristics.” Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gasellschaft, Friedrich Karl-Ufer 4, Berlin, N.W. 40. This firm issues an excellent descriptive booklet, “Die Elektrizität im Theater”, available on request. Schwabe und Company, Köpenicker Strasse 116, Berlin O.S. 16. This firm issues an interesting descriptive booklet, “Moderne Bühnen-Beleuchtung”, available on request. General Electric Company, Magnet House, Kingsway, London, W.C. 2. This firm issues an attractive booklet, SL-2398 - Modern Stage Lighting, which describes Schwabe equipment which is being introduced in England. This booklet is available on request. Appendix E Miscellaneous Notes for Amateur Workers (A few more books cited in this section) II. References to Stage-Lighting Notes for Amatures “Suggestions regarding makeshift lighting devices, as well as random notes that might prove directly applicable to some specific individual problem and that might prove generally useful to the amateur worker in stage lighting, may be gleaned from the following books, most of which deal with amateur play production in general, but all of which contain some material bearing on amateur stage lighting. These books contain widely varying amounts of lighting information of varying degrees of usefulness and the marial is presented in various ways, and form many different points of view.” Acting and Play Production. Harry Lee Andrews and Bruce Wierick. Community Drama. Playground and Recreation Association. Community Drama and Pagentry. J. R. Crawford and M.P. Beagle. Costumes and Scenery for Amateurs. Constance D’Arcy Mackay. Costuming a Play. Elizabeth J. Grimball and Rhea Wells. Drama in Religious Service, Martha Candler. Dramatics for School and Community. Claude Merton Wise. How to Produce Amateur Plays, Barret H. Clark. Little Theatre Organization and Management, Alexander Dean. Practical Stage Directing for Amageurs, Emerson Taylor. Producing in Little Theatres, Clarence Stratton. Shakespeare for Community Players, Roy Mitchell. Stage Costuming, Agnes Brooks Young. Technique in Dramatic Art, Hilliam Bosworth. Technique in Pageantry, Linwood Taft. The Art of Producing Pagents, Esther W. Bates. The Book of Play Production, Milton Smith The Community Theater, Louise Burleigh. The Community Playhouse, C.J. de Goveia. The Process of Play Production, Allan Crafton and Jessica Royer. The School Theatre, Roy Mitchell. “The following booklets contain useful information regarding amature stage-lighting work, at the pages indicated.” The Billboard Little Theatre Handbook, - pp 19, 30, 36 and 47. Obtainable on request from Little Theater Editor, The Billboard, 1560 Broadway, New York. Play Production for the Country Theatre, by A.Am Drummond - p. 54, Obtainable at a nominal charge from Director of Extension Service, Cornell Uinversity, Ithaca, N.Y. Stage Lighting, LD 146A, p.39. Obtainable on request from Engineering Department, Edison Lamp Works, Harrison, N.J. “Articles of special interest to the amateur stage-lighting worker appear from time to time in the following magazines:” Drama and Little Theatre Monthly, Drama League of America. Theatre and School, Drama Teachers’ Association of California. Players’ Magazine, National Collegiate Players. “The Folowing organizations have service memberships which include the privilege of consultation and advice regarding amateur play production matters, including stage lighting:” Drama League of America, 59 East Ban Buren Street, Chicago. Sue Ann Wilson, consultant. Playground and Recreation Association of America, 315 Fourth Avenue, New York. Mabel F. Hobbs, Consultant.