impedance

From http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/imped.html:
While Ohm's Law applies directly to resistors in DC or in AC circuits, the form of the current-voltage relationship in AC circuits in general is modified to the form:
impz.png

where I and V are the rms or "effective" values. The quantity Z is called impedance. For a pure resistor, Z = R. Because the phase affects the impedance and because the contributions of capacitors and inductors differ in phase from resistive components by 90 degrees, a process like vector addition (phasors) is used to develop expressions for impedance. More general is the complex impedance method.

See also this thread: https://www.controlbooth.com/threads/impedance.5237/.

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