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A lamp which uses sodium in an excited state (and a small amount of sodium and neon and argon gas) to produce light. There are two varieties of such lamps: low pressure and high pressure. The low pressure sodium produces a very yellow quality of light which makes it very hard to discern colours (a problem for law enforcement as these lamps are frequently used outdoors because of great energy efficiency: about 40 - 50 lumens/watt).

High pressure sodium adds other elements such as mercury which improves colour rendering somewhat.

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